|Created in 1960 to protect migratory waterfowl, the Modoc National Wildlife Refuge has 7,021 acres of seasonal wetlands, natural floodplains, and sagebrush and juniper uplands. The refuge is located immediately upstream of the confluence of the north and south forks of the Pit River.
The wetlands provide critical nesting habitat for the state threatened greater sandhill crane, and also several waterfowl species. During spring and fall migration, many shorebird and waterbird species feed and rest in these wetlands. Outdoor activities enjoyed on the refuge include hiking, canoeing, biking, fishing, bird watching, and hunting.